Breed History; . . .
The importance of feeding all growing creatures The 'Toulouse'
in France, although kept in greater numbers, have never quite
equaled such weights. The Toulouse Goose is one of the larger goose
breeds. In its exhibition or "dewlap" form, the Toulouse Goose
may have its body skimming the ground. The "utility" Toulouse
Goose is smaller and lacks the dewlap being basically a cross bred
grey Heinz with no value other than for the table.
Country of Origin: France . The Toulouse Goose was bred in southern
France (near the city of Toulouse) originally for pate de Fois Gras
now considered a superior meat bird in Europe. The breeding work to
finalize the points and breed true was done in England with a great
number being exported to America and Canada prior to the 1950's . At
the moment the Club has been importing a number back from the USA as
the gene pool in Britain has become too narrow making a number of
males virtually infertile.
Breed Background: A heavy breed which does well in confinement since
their size restricts foraging and although their goslings tend to
grow slower than other geese. The progeny of a Toulouse goose
crossed withan Emden gander grow rapidly.. and is the basis
for commercial breeds.
Also known as L'oie Grise des Landes and L'oie du
Toulouse inFrance/Belgium the name alteration appears to be area
Country Of Origin;
like a galleon in full sail or Margaret Rutherford
in feathers for the older reader
..............Lowest is average about 35 per
season also known 60+ per Goose.Not always fertile from young
due to anatomy ! . If a good strain then the average Toulouse lays
220-240 eggs per year the best layer so ask the seller whether a
laying or decorative strain !
. . . 28 - 34 days/ good
mother but clumsy due to size need a large hay covered tray for the
eggs to prevent crushingas they pip. Otherwise hatch very well under
....Kept as trio or pair .. will go broody and
; Gander, 12 kg / 26 poundsGoose, 9 kg / 20 pounds
*As a breed succeptible to flystrike (maggots) on
open cuts or scratches which are disguised by the open feathering.
tip Due to their size in comparison to their leg length they prefer
real ponds or shallow edged trays/ childrens sandpits (ELC or IKEA)
as many others can produce a snug fit. Wickes builders merchants do
a'cement mixing tray' in black composite. . . cheap!
Grey feathers laced with white, brown eyes with a
long deep body with a prominent breast bone. Better show birds have
apronounced front as in the picture and double muscled folds when
seen from the front. Better breeding birds often have less front or
their'equipment' does not reach to mate successfully
Meat Production: The supreme meat crosswhich tends to pass on the
placid (dumb) temperamernt to the off spring. As a pure breed it
often resembles a large tub of lard withfeet .....so unless a very
poor specimen not worth the plucking...... better for the breeding
pen for X breds.
American Toulouse Grey Toulouse Pictures by Roger
Thibaultof Swansea Mass.
Goose and goslings
Buff Toulouse in the USA same source
from Lewis Wright 1870's same profile smaller dewlap
The Toulouse is a breed of domesticated goose originating near
Toulouse, France. It is a large bird, with a weight of up to 9
kg, and is known for its ponderous appearance and large dewlaps.
The original grey coloured breed is a very old one and the name
has been recorded back as far as 1555. The breed was first
brought to the United Kingdom by Lord Derby in 1840, who
imported some of them to England, and from then onwards the
French Toulouse were used as breeding stock with the consequence
that by 1894, English breeders had produced a massive bird.
The description in 1850 is "The Toulouse Goose, which has
been so much extolled and
sold at such high prices, is only the common domestic,
enlarged by early hatching, very liberal feeding during youth,
fine climate, and perhaps by age. I am in possession of Geese,
hatched at a season when it was difficult to supply them with
an abundance of nourishing green food, that are as much
under-sized as the Toulouse Goose is over-sized; they are all
Domestic Geese, nevertheless. It is for the sake of enlarging
the growth of the Goslings, not for the mere purpose of
supporting their strength, that the breeders cram them night
and morning with flour-and-egg pellets. Grass alone would
suffice for their sustenance, but extra nourishment makes
extra-sized birds. Toulouse Geese are fine, six foot high,
grenadier individuals of the Domestic Goose that is all. Some
were to be seen not far from the Horse Guards, in proximity to
their human representatives, in the autumn of 1848." ie
even then they knew to supplement the grass to get the size. The
same book also details angel wing in these geese
when improperly fed !
Standards in 1866 from Saunders "The
Toulouse Goose should be tall and erect, with the body hanging
on the ground ; the breast and the body light grey ; back,
dark grey ; neck, darker grey ; wings and body should shade
off to white, but there should be but little actual white
visible ; hiUs, pale flesh color, hard and strong ; legs and
feet, deep orange, approaching red. The weight of these birds
by careful feeding and management has become extraordinary, 74
lbs. for three birds has been attained. The Cup gander at
Birmingham, in 1859, weighed 33 lbs., and in 1860, 30
lbs.—Goslings early inOctober often weigh 20 to 22 pounds."