Tips for improving your flock......based on Dave Holderread's and
Oscar Grow's books (taken from the Australian rare Breed Site)
Select the fastest growing goslings for future breeding.
Always look for massive features (even in their first year they
should have large, coarse heads and thick necks) and carriage 30 to
Head should be large and broad between the eyes
Knob should be as wide as the head
Older females especially when laying will often have low-hung
paunches and show some indication of a keel. But all males and young
females should be keel-less and only a moderately full abdomen.
Selecting for this should maintain the breed's fame as a lean meat
Africans with tails held in line with the back or lower often
indicate physical weakness and infertility.
Avoid young geese of too refined type, otherwise the flock will
eventually revert to the Chinese breed type (small and slender
rather than massive and meaty).
Avoid young geese that have already developed a pronounced
dewlap.Africans do not grow the dewlap as fast as Toulouse and it
will not fully develop until aged about three years.
Names Also Known as L'oie de Guinee or L'oie Africaine in
France ie Guinea Goose
Country Of Origin;. . . China
Carriage;Reasonably upright 35 to 40 degrees above the horizontal
rather than the Chinese geese which stand much more upright. Height
90 cm av
Egg Colour......................white ....
Egg Numbers .............10 / 20. In America, they appear to
be more productive with 20 - 40 eggs in a season
Breed Defects. . . . . .Lack of dewlap; lack of knob; white
patches amongst coloured plumage
Info A very gentle breed that is much quieter than its skinny
cousin. Available in white; brown (grey) and buff.
Breed Hints.... Kept as trio or pair .. will go broody and
Weights; 11 to 28 pounds
Breed Tip Some individuals don't get the dewlap until over 18 months
old, whilst others might develop one at 6 months. The dewlap runs
down from the bill into the neck. The knob should be oriented
slightly forward. Paunch should not touch the ground.'
Flying . . .normally too heavy but has been known . . very
A GENETIC COLOUR PROBLEM SOLVED
From my importation of day
old goslings in 1999 a problem arose because only female Buff
Africans hatched at the opportune moment and Dave Holderread
forwarded these with the rest of the order so as to avoid
disappointment ..Upon a visit to his wonderful establishment in
2000 he gave me the following explanation for the way forward. I
believe this would also work for Buff Toulouse so I felt this may
be of interest to any of you experimenting out there. I suppose I
ought to mention that Ihave already completed step one
successfully with my Buff Africans.
Brown African gander X Buff African goose = ALL Brown offspring
Brown ganders carry buff genetically [call this B/B1]
Brown geese DO NOT carry buff genetically speaking.
B/B1 gander X Buff African goose = 1/2 males AND 1/2 females Brown
and 1/2 males AND 1/2 females Buff
B/B1 gander X pure Brown female = All males Brown
1/2 females Brown AND 1/2 females Buff
Buff gander X pure Brown female = All ganders Brown [this is B/B1]
=All geese Buff
Male showing how low slung their carriage is
Sun bleached girls in Buff
Approaching water needs a gradual slope with low ground clearance
Breed History; . . .
....The African Goose hould be of about the same size and height
as the Embden Goose . According to Oscar Grow the African Goose
appears physically a cross between the Toulouse Goose , and the
Brown Chinese Goose , with some of the size and dewlap of the
Toulouse Goose , and some of the carriage and 'knob' of the
Chinese Goose . Also Known as L'oie de Guine'e in France
The African Goose is said by some breeders to
be a distinct breed imported from Africa, but the evidence a
large genetic part of the Chinese is undisputable; see Tegetmeir
1873. They were known as a pure breed from the 1850's and
although often crossed with the Toulouse as a commercial meat
cross area definte species descended from the Swan goose (Anser
cygnoides) rather than the greylag (Anser anser)..
Buffon says, in
his natural history, that this breed of geese
exceed all others in size, but I think the Bremen geese
equal them. Mr. John Giles, Providence, R. I.,
imported some fine specimens, of which he says: "They stand
forth first of their race, are brown-grey on the back,
light-grey on the breast, brown on the head and upper side of
the neck, have a prominent black tubercle on the root of the
bill, with pouch or dew-la under the throat, weigh from twenty
to twenty-five pounds each, an are a rare ornamental bird."
Miner's Domestic Poultry Book: A Treatise on the History,
Breeding. London 1852/3